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Chemistry LibreTexts

20.14: Solutions to Additional Exercises

  • Page ID
    183134
  • General Review

    22-1

    Possible set of reactants:

    22-2

    22-3

    22-4

    Interconversion of Acid Derivatives by Nucleophilic Acyl Substitution

    22-5:

    22-6:

    22-7:

    Answer: B

    Transesterification

    22-8:

    Answer: D

    22-9:

    Under acidic conditions, the carbonyl oxygen atom is protonated, making it a better electrophile for the reaction to occur. Under basic conditions, the alcohol we are trying to add is deprotonated, making it a better nucleophile.

    22-10:

    Hydrolysis of Carboxylic Acid Derivatives

    22-11:

    22-12:

    22-13:

    Reduction of Acid Derivatives

    22-14:

    22-15:

    22-16:

    Answer: C

    Reactions of Acid Derivatives with Organometallic Reagents

    22-17:

    22-18:

    Answer: C

    22-19:

    A possibly better route of synthesis: