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18.16: Additional Exercises

  • Page ID
    183105
  • General Review

    19-1 Give the product of the following reaction.

    19-2 For each of the following reactions, give the final product.

    19-3 For the following reaction, give the final product.

    19-4 For the following reactions, identify the side favored at equilibrium.

    19-5 Identify the correct product of the following reaction.

    19-6 Give the final product of the following chain of reactions.

    Synthesis of Ketones from Carboxylic Acids

    19-7 Provide the structures of the products of the following reactions.

     

    19-8 Provide the structure and IUPAC nomenclature of the product of the following reaction.

    19-9 Choose the correct answer.

     Synthesis of Ketones and Aldehydes from Acid Chlorides, Esters, and Nitriles

    19-10 Provide the structures of the products of the following reactions.

    19-11 Choose the correct product of the following reaction.

    19-12 Choose the correct IUPAC nomenclature of the product of the following reaction.

    a)  butanal

    b)  2-methylhexan-3-one

    c)  pentan-2-one

    d)  2-methylpentan-2-ol

    Reactions of Ketones and Aldehydes

    19-13 Provide the products of the following reactions.

    19-14 Suggest a way to make the following compound from butanol. Use any necessary reagents. 

    19-15 Choose the correct product of the following reaction.

    a)  2-chloropentane

    b)  1-chlorobutan-1-ol

    c)  2-chlorobutanoic acid

    d)  butanoyl chloride

    The Wittig Reaction

    19-16 Predict the structure of the product of the following reaction.

    19-17 Provide the product of the following reaction.

    19-18 Choose the correct product of the following reaction.

          

    Formation of Cyanohydrins

    19-19 Predict the structure of the product of the following reaction.

     

    19-20 Provide the structure of the product of the following reaction.

    19-21 Choose the correct IUPAC nomenclature of the product of the following reaction.

    a)  3-ethylhex-1-yn-3-ol

    b)  2-ethyl-2-hydroxypentanenitrile

    c)  3-(aminomethyl)hexan-3-ol

    d)  butanoyl cyanide

    Formation of Imines

    19-22 Predict the product of the following reaction.

    19-23 Provide the structure of the product of the following reaction.

    19-24 Choose the correct IUPAC nomenclature of the product of the following reaction.

    a)  (4Z)-N-butyloctan-4-imine

    b)  (4Z)-N-propyloctan-4-imine

    c)  (4Z)-5-propylnon-4-en-1-amine

    d)  4-(butylamino)octan-4-ol

    Condensations with Hydroxylamine and Hydrazines

    19-25 Choose the correct IUPAC nomenclature of the product of the following reaction.

    a)  1-ethyl-2-propylhydrazine

    b)  N-propoxyethanamine

    c)  (1E)-N-ethylbut-1-en-1-amine

    d)  (2E)-1-ethyl-2-propylidenehydrazine

    19-26 Provide the structure of the product of the following reaction.

    19-27 Provide the structure of the products of the following reactions.

    Formation and Use of Acetals

    19-28 Provide the structure of the resulting acetal.

    19-29 Choose the correct structure of the product of the following reaction.

    19-30 Choose the correct IUPAC nomenclature of the product of the following reaction.

    a)  (dimethoxymethyl)benzene

    b)  benzoic acid

    c)  phenylmethanediol

    d)  (methoxymethyl)benzene

    Oxidation of Aldehydes and Reductions of Ketones and Aldehydes

    19-31 Draw the structure of the product of the following oxidation reaction.

    19-32 Draw the structures of the products of the following reduction reactions.

    19-33 Predict the product of the following reaction and provide its IUPAC nomenclature.