Oxidation and Carbonyls
Aldehydes are so easily oxidized that oxidation reactions can be an unwanted side reaction. Isolated ketones cannot be oxidized. The poly-hydroxy ketones of monosaccharides can be oxidized as seen in carbohydrate chemistry.
The Tollen's Test differentiates between aldehydes and ketones based on one of their few differences in chemical reactivity. Aldehydes can be oxidized and ketones cannot. In the Tollen's Test, silver ions (Ag+) oxidize aldehydes to carboxylic acids and are reduces to silver metals which can form a beautiful coating on the inside of the reaction flask.
26. Draw and name the oxidation products for the following compounds.