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Chemistry LibreTexts

4: Stereochemistry at Tetrahedral Centers

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  • Learning Objectives

    After reading this chapter and completing the exercises and homework, a student can be able to:

    • recognize and classify molecules as chiral or achiral and identify planes of symmetry - refer to section 6.1
    • draw, interpret, and convert between perspective formulae and Fischer projections for chiral compounds - refer to section 6.2
    • name chiral compounds using (R) & (S) nomenclature - refer to section 6.3
    • recognize and classify diastereomers and meso compounds - refer to section 6.4 and 6.5 respectively
    • explain how physical properties differ for different types of stereoisomers - refer to section ?????
    • distinguish and discern the structural and chemical relationships between isomeric compounds - refer to section 6.6
    • define and explain the lack of optical activity of racemic mixtures - refer to section 6.7
    • determine the percent composition of an enantiomeric mixture from polarimetry data and the for specific rotation formula - refer to section 6.7
    • explain how to resolve (separate) a pair of enantiomers - refer to section 6.8
    • interpret the stereoisomerism of compounds with three or more chiral centers - refer to section 6.9
    • compare and contrast absolute configuration with relative configuration - refer to section 6.10
    • interpret the stereoisomerism of compounds with nitrogen, phosphorus, or sulfur as chiral centers - refer to section 6.11
    • recognize and explain biochemical applications of chirality - refer to section 6.12
    • describe Jean Baptiste Biot and Louis Pasteur's contributions to the understanding of optical isomers - refer to section 6.13