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Chemistry LibreTexts

20.14: Solutions to Additional Exercises

  • Page ID
    183134
  • General Review

    22-1

    Possible set of reactants:

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    22-2

    jabW9g3v8BBeRo4i3r-J6xDBRHE-LkR0NdzSezI5VhhoWeG1_TJQ0udmPARwuB1RWcNT1myCfFUINnWH-mxA506XVuRvaG3BrDuwsIty5fB15yf3Rf76PgWZWSZY5-MUWwldZ9Pv

    22-3

    n1nUEDns8KC-thXW2ZRd6jnNhDoy-Zv5lDu2xI9H8UATabGxp0aBQXt4a0ZB-hIIXnG7KRy-CsMEuLgp0LhTRNz3JjpEiMJdvtC9Srz4R2CguUTPxbMypO8IbmMpoTXO5Eds82U3

    22-4

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    Interconversion of Acid Derivatives by Nucleophilic Acyl Substitution

    22-5:

    Z59IINLHEZq8-vgetqmWddV2RxWtuMAj70TrryGn4WFUpp0Dh1JYfERh3XIztALCofCUr4N88mW-aHtNoyRezqQWta573P8jLu11-rVWlo5pZobSu7PkAHOvpv7E2CFEoABQJ5FP

    22-6:

    JLBi-ndESOxu05Mj1hlN-HgR74J6Xg0fd73wf1_YWZU3O_5vV1ycAZLpPD8oXpas7fcAebGiwNlw-BGCth8uPqgzhD8zqF8KalimuqTrtorPz-g78OMM6vH8kdRAOlvhFYfnn0iC

    22-7:

    Answer: B

    Transesterification

    22-8:

    Answer: D

    22-9:

    Under acidic conditions, the carbonyl oxygen atom is protonated, making it a better electrophile for the reaction to occur. Under basic conditions, the alcohol we are trying to add is deprotonated, making it a better nucleophile.

    22-10:

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    Hydrolysis of Carboxylic Acid Derivatives

    22-11:

    6bwDyqgyMGNL8MJvBwf-4s3g0kpVgLTewGF8S7LmCnPCDDIS8zA-bnIC0kqH8fvIA8Ofx1lobxzu8OJqcvm8YtfC4YYaI684Ts8-u5bCLWZNwtJBkt47NDQDP_a5DlXEnFeru4So

    22-12:

    fyL9o7ej-8vlN_MezOOSDWl1b635hzQVV7DUHTiNyPEGTUCQwsmBpKGKOrShlOlbectAsVLQUrScZv00IvVv_KQaE1uaq_eX_JCqlTAx4K6OJM8JBZVq408NORkCWp61jYYiiZyr

    22-13:

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    Reduction of Acid Derivatives

    22-14:

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    22-15:

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    22-16:

    Answer: C

    Reactions of Acid Derivatives with Organometallic Reagents

    22-17:

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    22-18:

    Answer: C

    22-19:

    A possibly better route of synthesis:

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