SN2 Reactions of Allylic Halides and Tosylates
Allylic halides and tosylates are excellent electrophiles for bimolecular nucleophilic substitution reactions (SN2).
They exhibit faster SN2 reactivity than secondary alkyl halides because the bimolecular transition state is stabilized by hyperconjugation between the orbital of the nucleophile and the conjugated pi bond of the allylic group as shown in the diagram below.
6. Arrange the compounds 3-bromopentane, bromobenzene, and 3-bromo-1-propene in order of decreasing SN2 reactivity using their bond-line structures.