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1: CHEM 1151 Organic Review

  • Page ID
    338673
  • We begin our study of organic chemistry with the alkanes, compounds containing only two elements, carbon and hydrogen, and having only single bonds. There are several other kinds of hydrocarbons, distinguished by the types of bonding between carbon atoms and by the properties that result from that bonding. We will first examine hydrocarbons with double bonds, with triple bonds, and with a special kind of bonding called aromaticity. Then we will study some compounds considered to be derived from hydrocarbons by replacing one or more hydrogen atoms with an oxygen-containing group. Finally, we focuse on organic acids and bases, after which we will be ready to look at the chemistry of life itself—biochemistry—in the remaining five chapters.

    • 1.1: Organic Chemistry
      Today organic chemistry is the study of the chemistry of the carbon compounds, and inorganic chemistry is the study of the chemistry of all other elements. Organic chemistry is the study of carbon compounds, nearly all of which also contain hydrogen atoms.
    • 1.2: Structures of Organic Compounds
      Condensed chemical formulas show the hydrogen atoms (or other atoms or groups) right next to the carbon atoms to which they are attached. Line-angle formulas imply a carbon atom at the corners and ends of lines. Each carbon atom is understood to be attached to enough hydrogen atoms to give each carbon atom four bonds.
    • 1.3: Branched Alkanes
      Alkanes with four or more carbon atoms can exist in isomeric forms.
    • 1.4: Alkane IUPAC Nomenclature
      Alkanes have both common names and systematic names, specified by IUPAC.
    • 1.5: Halogenated Alkanes
      The replacement of an hydrogen atom on an alkane by a halogen atom—F, Cl, Br, or I—forms a halogenated compound.
    • 1.6: Cycloalkanes
      Many organic compounds have cyclic structures.
    • 1.7: CHEM 1151 Organic Review (Exercises)
      Select problems and solutions to chapter.
    • 1.8: CHEM 1151 Organic Review (Summary)
      Summary of Chapter.

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