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Chemistry LibreTexts

9.S: Chemical Equilibria (Summary)

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    Vocabulary and Concepts

    • common ion effect
    • conjugate base
    • degree of dissociation
    • dissociation of a weak acid
    • Dumas Bulb
    • Henderson-Hasselbalch equation
    • Le Chatlier’s principle
    • reaction quotient
    • solubility product
    • thermodynamic equilibrium constant
    • van’t Hoff equation
    • van’t Hoff plot
    • weak acid


    1. Bandura, A. V., & Lvov, S. N. (2006). The Ionization Constant of Water over Wide Ranges of Temperature and Density. J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, 35(1), 15-30.
    2. Mack, E., & France, W. G. (1934). A Laboratory Manual of Elementary Physical Chemistry (2nd ed.). New York: D. Van Nostrand Company, Inc.
    3. Tro, N. J. (2014). Chemistry: a molecular approach (3rd ed.). Boston: Pearson.
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