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Chemistry LibreTexts

17.11 Acid-Catalyzed Ester Hydrolysis and Transesterification

  • Page ID
    16414
  • Introduction

    Esters can be cleaved back into a carboxylic acid and an alcohol by reaction with water and a catalytic amount of acid.

    General Reaction

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    Example 1:
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    Mechanism

    1) Protonation of the Carbonyl

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    2) Nucleophilic attack by water

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    3) Proton transfer

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    4) Leaving group removal

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    Contributors

    Prof. Steven Farmer (Sonoma State University)