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Chemistry LibreTexts

10.4: Solutions to Selected Problems

  • Page ID
    189984
  • Exercise 10.2.1:

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    Exercise 10.2.2

    The product becomes conjugated. In general, the more conjugation there is in the product of an aldol addition, the more likely is a subsequent condensation (elimination or dehydration). However, other conditions can lead to the loss of water.

    Exercise 10.2.3:

    Entropy. The dehydration or elimination takes one molecule (the beta-hydroxy thioester) and converts it into two molecules (the water and the alpha,beta-unsaturated thioester. That change represents an increase in internal entropy. Because the entropy term in free energy is weighted by temperature (ΔG = ΔH - TΔS), it predominates as the temperature rises.

    Exercise 10.3.1:

    In the case of the malonyl enolate, there is additional delocalisation as demonstrated by resonance. This anion has extra stability.

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    Exercise 10.3.2:

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