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Chemistry LibreTexts

18.8: Thermodynamics and Life

  • Page ID
    6478
  • and NADH. Energy from the oxidation of nutrients is made available to cells through the synthesis of ATP, the energy currency of the cell. Its energy is used by cells to synthesize substances through coupled reactions and to perform work. The body stores energy as sugars, protein, or fats before using it to produce ATP.

    Conceptual Problem

    1. The tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle in aerobic organisms is one of four pathways responsible for the stepwise oxidation of organic intermediates. The final reaction in the TCA cycle has ΔG° = 29.7 kJ/mol, so it should not occur spontaneously. Suggest an explanation for why this reaction proceeds in the forward direction in living cells.

    Conceptual Answer

    1. It is coupled to another reaction that is spontaneous, which drives this reaction forward (Le Chatelier’s principle).