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1.12: Crystallography in Spain

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    352431
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    In the context of this chapter, you will also be invited to visit these sections...

    Crystallography is one of the branches of Science whose importance has been critical to the development of Chemistry around the world. Its influence, which was spectacular in Spain during the last third of the twentieth century, led (through many efforts) to the establishment of several groups of crystallographers whose relevance is nowadays beyond any doubt. However, contrary to what happened in other developed countries, Crystallography in Spain, and especially in academic institutions, seems in general to remain an unresolved matter. This is probably due to the fact that it has erroneously been considered as a minor technical issue, whose application and interpretation is trivial.

    No scientific discipline has so profoundly influenced the field of structural Biochemistry as that of X-ray diffraction analysis when applied to the crystals of macromolecules. It is among the most prolific techniques available for providing significant new data. In theory, there is no limit in molecular size, and thus it includes, in addition to proteins, the viruses, ribo- and deoxyribonucleic acids and protein complexes. Its influence has also affected the development of Biology and Biomedicine, leading to the so-called structural genomics. The detailed knowledge of the structure of biological macromolecules enables us not only to understand the relationship between structure and function, but also to make rational functional improvement proposals. In contrast with the importance of these issues, the rather large number of research groups in Spain (very competitive in Cellular and Molecular Biology), and the lack of resources dedicated to the few Spanish laboratories active in macromolecular Crystallography becomes very apparent.

    In an separate part of this chapter the reader will find a brief historical outline on the initial development of Crystallography in Spain.

    Most crystallographers working in Spain are associated with the Specialized Group for Crystallography and Crystal Growth (Grupo Especializado de Cristalografía y Crecimiento Cristalino, GE3C), a group associated with the Spanish Royal Society of Chemistry. Similarly, European crystallographers are associated with the European Crystallographic Association, ECA.

    Further, the Spanish Committee of Crystallography is the Spanish association responsible for coordinating the official Spanish representation to the International Union of Crystallography, IUCr.

    There are some other Spanish associations related to Crystallography, organized according to various radiation sources of interest in the field:

    XXII Congress and General Assembly, Madrid 2011

    Crystallographers working in Spain had the responsibility to organize the XXII Congress and General Assembly of the International Union of Crystallography, IUCr, that was held in Madrid (August 22-30, 2011). This type of congress, held every three years in a different country, had in Madrid over 2,800 worldwide participants and implied an explicit recognition by the IUCr of the "Spanish crystallography". The event was officially supported by the IUCr, the Spanish Ministry of Science and Innovation, the Spanish National Research Council (CSIC), several Spanish universities (especially Alcalá, Complutense of Madrid, Autonomous of Madrid, UIMP, Oviedo, Cantabria and Barcelona). Special mention has to be done to the support received by the BBVA Foundation (which specifically supported the participation of the three 2009 Chemistry Nobel Laureates). AECID and Metro-Madrid helped to the participation of a large number of young researchers from less developed countries. The "Madrid Convention Bureau" supported, in 2005, the preparation of the candidature of Spain to organize this unique event. Crystallographers working in Spain and specially those implied in the Local Organizing Commitee, appreciate the suport obtained from all these organizations.

    See also the contents of this link.

    The most relevant research groups located in Spain and using Crystallography as a main research tool can be found below. See also the following link.

    Visite La Factoría de Cristalización

    Nine of the groups listed below made an association in the context of a joint project called The Factory of Crystallization, a collaborative project to create an integrated platform for research and services in crystallization and crystallography. The project was thought as a setting to combine advanced research on crystallization and crystallography and service delivery in these fields to companies and research groups in biomedical, pharmacological, biotechnological, nanotechnological, natural or material sciences. The aim was that any group extracting, synthesizing or, in general, developing a new molecule or potentially interesting material could have access, with an adequate level of confidentiality, to the knowledge and technology needed for crystallization, diffraction data collection and structure solution. The project was funded with € 5.0 M by the former Spanish Ministry of Education and Science (now Ministry of Science and Innovation), as part of the Consolider-Ingenio/2010 program.

    The following information corresponds to a relatively splendid stage of Crystallography in Spain (during the first decade of the 21st century). Unfortunately, with the passage of time the situation has worsened, so many of the links shown below may no longer be operational..

    The list of groups shown below may contain involuntary errors or omissions. Groups who would like to be included here should get in contact through this link.

    Select a region on the map

    Andalusia

    Division for X-ray Diffraction, University of Cádiz

    Campus Universitario del Río San Pedro, E-11510 Puerto Real

    General Service Unit, Institute for Materials Science of Seville (CSIC-University of Seville)

    Americo Vespuccio 49, Isla de la Cartuja, E-41092 Sevilla

    Group of Coordination Chemistry and Structural Analysis, University of Granada

    Avda. Fuentenueva s/n, E-18071 Granada

    Group of Organometallic Chemistry and Homogeneous Catalysis, Institute of Chemical Reseach (CSIC-Universidad de Sevilla)

    Américo Vespucio 49, E-41092 Sevilla

    Group of Protein Structure, Department of Physical-Chemistry, Biochemistry and Inorganic Chemistry, University of Almería

    Edificio Científico Técnico de Química, Ctra. Sacramento, La Cañada de San Urbano, E-04120 Almería

    Laboratory of Crystallographic Studies (LEC), CSIC-University of Granada

    Edifício Inst. López Neyra, Avenida del Conocimiento s/n, PT Ciencias de la Salud, E-18100 Armilla

    X-ray Diffraction Service, University of Málaga

    Bulevar Louis Pasteur 33 , Campus de Teatinos, Edificio SCAI, Planta 1, B1-04, E-29071 Málaga

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    Balearic Islands

    No data available

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    Cantabria

    Group of High Pressure and Spectroscopy, Faculty of Sciences, University of Cantabria

    Avda. de los Castros s/n, E-39005 Santander

    Group of Matter Magnetism, University of Cantabria

    Avda. de los Castros s/n, E-39005 Santander

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    Canary Islands

    Laboratory of X-Rays and Molecular Materials, Department of Fundamental Physics II, University of La Laguna

    Avda Astrofí­sico Francisco Sánchez s/n, E-38204 La Laguna

    Some other groups (no web link) from the Dept. of Fundamental Physics II, making use of the Integrated Service for X-Ray Diffraction, University of La Laguna

    Avda. Astrofísico Francisco Sánchez s/n, E-38206 La Laguna

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    Catalonia

    Department of Crystallography, Institute of Material Sciences of Barcelona, CSIC

    Campus de la Universidad Autónoma de Barcelona, E-08193 Bellaterra

    Department of Chemical Engineering, Polytechnic University of Catalonia

    Escola d'Enginyeria Barcelona Est, Campus Diagonal Besos, Building (EEBE) I 2.21, c/ Eduard Maristany 10-14, E-08019 Barcelona

    Department of Crystallography, Mineralogy and Mineral Deposits, Faculty of Geology, University of Barcelona

    c/ Martí i Franqués s/n, E-08028-Barcelona

    Department of Structural Biology, Institute of Molecular Biology of Barcelona, CSIC

    Parque Científico de Barcelona, Baldiri i Reixach 15-21, E-08028 Barcelona

    Group for Physics and Crystallography of Nanomaterials, Faculty of Chemistry, University Rovira i Virgili

    Marcel.li Domingo s/n, Campus Sescelades, E-43007 Tarragona

    Unit for X-ray Diffraction, Autonomous University of Barcelona

    Campus de la Universidad Autónoma de Barcelona, E-08193 Bellaterra

    X-ray Diffraction Unit, Institute of Chemical Research of Catalonia

    Avgda. Països Catalans 16, E-43007-Tarragona

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    Extremadura

    No data available

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    Galicia

    Metallosupramolecular Chemistry Group (QI5)

    Universidad de Vigo, Facultad de Química, E-36310 Vigo

    Research Group on Molecular and Structural Chemistry (GIQIMO), University of Santiago de Compostela

    Campus Universitario Sur, E-15782 Santiago de Compostela

    Structural Analysis Unit, Service for Research Support, University of A Coruña

    E-15001 A Coruña

    Support Center for Science and Technology, University of Vigo

    Facultad de Química, E-36310 Vigo

    X-ray Unit, University of Santiago de Compostela

    Edificio CACTUS, Campus Universitario Sur s/n, E-15782 Santiago de Compostela

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    La Rioja

    Central X-ray Diffraction Unit (no web site). Somehow dependent from the Department of Chemistry, University of La Rioja

    Avda. de La Paz 93, E-26006 Logroño

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    Madrid

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    Crystal Growth Laboratory, Department of Material Physics, Faculty of Sciences, Autonomous University of Madrid

    Campus de Cantoblanco, E-28049 Madrid

    Crystallography Group of the UAH, Department of Inorganic Chemistry, University of Alcalá de Henares (UAH)

    Campus Universitario, E-28871 Alcalá de Henares

    Department of Analytical Sciences, Faculty of Sciences, Universidad Nacional a Distancia (UNED)

    Senda del Rey 9, E-28080 Madrid

    Department of Crystallography and Mineralogy, Faculty of Geological Sciences, University Complutense of Madrid

    José Antonio Novais 2, E-28040 Madrid

    Department of Crystallography and Structural Biology, Institute of Physical-Chemistry Rocasolano, CSIC

    Serrano 119, E-28006 Madrid

    Some group (with no web link) at the Department of Inorganic Chemistry I, University Complutense of Madrid

    Ciudad Universitaria, E-28040 Madrid

    Department of Macromolecular Structures, National Center for Biotechnology, CSIC

    Darwin 3, Campus de Cantoblanco, E-28049 Madrid

    Structural biology of viral fibres

    Cell-Cell and Virus-Cell Interactions

    Group of Structural Biology of Proteins, Centre for Biological Research, CSIC

    Ramiro de Maeztu 9, E-28040 Madrid

    Institute of Material Sciences of Madrid, CSIC

    Cantoblanco, Ctra. de Colmenar Km. 15, E-28049 Madrid

    Department of Energy, Environment and Sustainable Technologies

    Department of New Architectures in Materials Chemistry

    National Center for Cancer Research, CNIO

    Melchor Fernández Almagro 3, E-28029 Madrid

    Cell Signalling and Adhesion Group

    Crystallography and Protein Engineering Unit

    Structural Bases of Genome Integrity Group

    Single Crystal Unit, Faculty of Chemistry, University Complutense of Madrid

    Edificio C (Aulario), Planta Sótano, Ciudad Universitaria, E-28040 Madrid

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    Navarre

    Group of Physical Properties and Applications of Materials, Public University of Navarre

    Edificio Departamental de los Acebos, Campus Arrosadía, E-31006 Pamplona

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    The autonomous city of Ceuta

    No data available

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    The autonomous city of Melilla

    No data available

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    Valencia

    Department of Geology, University of Valencia

    Doctor Moliner 50, E-46100 Burjassot

    Some group (with no web link) at the Department of Inorganic Chemistry, University of Valencia

    Doctor Moliner 50, E-46100 Burjassot

    Some group (with no web link) at the Department of Organic Chemistry, University of Valencia

    Doctor Moliner 50, E-46100 Burjassot

    Some group (with no web link) at the Department of Inorganic and Organic Chemistry, University Jaume I

    Campus del Riu Sec, E-12071 Castellón de la Plana

    Institute for Biomedicine of Valencia, CSIC

    Jaime Roig 11, E-46010 Valencia

    Unit for Structural Enzymopathology

    Unit for Macromolecular Crystallography

    Unit for Signal Transduction

    Molecular Materials Research Group, Department of Chemistry, Physics and Analytics, University Jaume I

    Campus del Riu Sec, E-12071 Castellón de la Plana

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    This page titled 1.12: Crystallography in Spain is shared under a CC BY-NC 4.0 license and was authored, remixed, and/or curated by Martín Martínez Ripoll & Félix Hernández Cano via source content that was edited to the style and standards of the LibreTexts platform; a detailed edit history is available upon request.