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Chemistry LibreTexts

1: Introduction to Analytical Chemistry

Chemistry is the study of matter, including its composition and structure, its physical properties, and its reactivity. There are many ways to study chemistry, but, we traditionally divide it into five fields: organic chemistry, inorganic chemistry, biochemistry, physical chemistry, and analytical chemistry. Although this division is historical and, perhaps, arbitrary—as witnessed by current interest in interdisciplinary areas such as bioanalytical chemistry and organometallic chemistry—these five fields remain the simplest division spanning the discipline of chemistry.

Thumbnail: Several graduated cylinders of various thickness and heights with white side markings in front of a large beaker. They are all filled about halfway with red or blue chemical compounds. The blue ink is showing signs of Brownian motion when dissolving into water. Image used with permission (CC BY-SA 3.0; Horia Varlan from Bucharest, Romania).