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Chemistry LibreTexts

Group 11: Transition Metals

The “coinage metals”, copper, silver, and gold, have held great importance in societies throughout history, both symbolically and practically. For centuries, silver and gold have been worn by royalty to parade their wealth and power. On occasion, these metals were even used in art. Although the most important oxidation state for group 11 is +1, the elements are relatively unreactive, with reactivity decreasing from Cu to Au.