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Chemistry of Meitnerium

Element 109 was first synthesized by researchers at Darmstadt, (West) Germany in August of 1983. For 10 days they hurled a beam of iron-58 ions into a bismuth-209 target. They detected the formation of one nucleus of Mt-267 which rapidly "boiled off" a neutron, reverting to Mt-266. This decayed within milliseconds to give (element 107)-262, etc. A committee of the IUPAC suggested the name Meitnerium (Mt) after the German physicist Lise Meitner. Final approval of the name and symbol was given in August 1997.

Contributors

Stephen R. Marsden (ChemTopics)